Fine Chemical Technologies

Advanced search


Full Text:


The study of problems related to the modernization of the oil industry at the end of the 19th - beginning of the 20th centuries allows asserting that the rapid technical re-equipment of oil refineries was due to the targeted state scientific and technical policy that was being implemented at that time, as well as to the highly effective system of privileges (patents) and mass promotion of technical knowledge and achievements. Besides, the role of entrepreneurs that supported individual inventors and research companies providing "brain gain" and investment in Russia was also significant. This contributed to the rapid introduction of technical innovations in production. Thus, the transition to extensive use of oil as industrial fuel contributed to a more intensive development of the factory industry. Modernization of the oil industry became a powerful incentive and, at the same time, a part of Russian industrialization. One of the most successful and quickly implemented innovations that were at the same time crucial for the changing nature of the Russian energy sector and the economy in general was the invention of "Nobel burner". It seemed that this solved the problem of oil residues. However, it proved to be extremely uneconomical to burn large amounts of oil fuel under the boilers of steam engines. Thus, "oil" energetics formed. The "oil imbalance" resulted in the suppression of the coal industry of the country. At the same time identifying the causes of the fuel crisis as one of the most important factors that led to the collapse of the Russian Empire allowed us to formulate a conclusion that the decline in oil production and increased demand for fuel oil in the First World War by the military and metallurgical industries, railways, the shortage of fuel and rising prices led to the disorganization of the whole economy, disruptions in the supply of food, raw materials and weapons.

About the Authors

E. V. Bodrova
Moscow Technological University
Russian Federation
Moscow 119454, Russia

V. N. Krasivskaya
Moscow Technological University
Russian Federation
Moscow 119454, Russia


1. Dmitrievsky A.N. Resource-innovation economy: History, problems, prospects // Energeticheskaya politika (Energy Policy). 2011. № 2. P. 35–40. (in Russ.)

2. Gulishambarov S.I. A brief sketch of the oil industry in the Caucasus // IRTO. Exhibition of lighting and oil production, 1887-1888. SPb., 1887. P. 20–25. (in Russ.)

3. Matveichuk A.A. Nobel vertical. [Electronic resource] – URL (accessed 21.02.2017). (in Russ.)

4. Sergienko S.R. The role of Russian scientists and engineers in the development of chemistry and technology of petroleum. M.-L., 1949. 140 p. (in Russ.)

5. Igolkin A.A. The oil factor in the foreign economic relations of Russia during the past 100 years // Economic Bulletin of Rostov State University. 2008. V. 6. № 1. P. 87–93. (in Russ.)

6. A set of privileges, issued in Russia in 1886 for the Department of Trade and Manufactures. SPb., 1886. P. 133, 171. (in Russ.)

7. Lisichkin S.M. Outstanding figures of Russian oil science and technology. Moscow: Nedra Publ., 1967. 284 p.(in Russ.)

8. Matveichuk A.A. Oilman from Bogorodsk [Electronic resource] – URL (accessed 21.02.2016). (in Russ.)

9. Vyshetravskiy S.A. Continuously-operating refinery machine system named after V.G. Shukhov // Neftyanoe i slantsevoe khozyaistvo (Oil and Slate Farming). 1925. № 18. P. 238–241. (in Russ.)

10. A set of privileges, issued in Russia in 1891 under the Department of Trade and Manufactures. 1891. Privilege No. 175. P. 1–4. (in Russ.)

11. The invention of Russia. Cracking [Electronic resource] – URL (accessed 21.02.2017). (in Russ.)

12. Mir-Babayev M.F. A brief history of Azerbaijani oil. Baku: Azerneshr Publ., 2009. 376 p. (in Russ.)

13. Vavitskiy I.D., Petropavlovskiy I.A. Engineering and scientific activities of V.G. Shukhov (brief article) // V.G. Shukhov, outstanding engineer and scientist. Proceedings of the joint scientific section of the USSR Academy of Sciences dedicated to the research, engineering creativity honorary academician V.G. Shukhov / Eds. I.P. Mel'nikov, L.Yu. Ishlinskiy Moscow, 1984. P. 6–10. (in Russ.)

14. Akhmadova Kh.Kh., Syrkin A.M., Movsumzade E.M. The background of the process thermal cracking // Socio-humanitarian problems of modernity: Man, society and culture. The collective monograph. Book 3. Krasnoyarsk: ScientificInnovative Centre, 2011. P. 58–104. (in Russ.)

15. Shukhova E.M. Vladimir Grigoryevich Shukhov. The first engineer of Russia. Moscow: MGTU im. N. Bauman Publ., 2003. 366 p. (in Russ.)

16. Shukhov V.G. A note on patents for the distillation and decomposition of oil at elevated pressure // Neftyanoe i slantsevoe khozyaistvo (Oil and Slate Farming). 1923. V. V. № 10. P. 481–483. (in Russ.)

17. Ermakov Yu. Blocks // Tekhnika – molodezhi (Technology for Youth). 1999. № 11. P. 64–67. (in Russ.)

18. Parkhomenko V.E. Cracking process of engineer S.K. Kvitko // Neftyanoe khozyaistvo (Oil Farming). 1951. № 7. P. 53–59 (in Russ.)

19. Tregubov A. Constructive side in the installation for cracking on the patent of engineer Kvitko // Azerbaidzhanskoe neftyanoe khozyaistvo (Azerbaijan Oil Farming). 1926. № 5. P. 51–59. (in Russ.)

20. Nikolaev G., Ivanov A., Emelyanov A. Soviet engineers. M., 1985 (accessed 21.02.2017) (in Russ.)

21. Big encyclopedia of Oil and Gas. Nozzle system. [Electronic resource] – URL (accessed 21.02.2017). (in Russ.)

22. The history of the oil and gas industry [Electronic resource] – URL (date accessed: 17.02.2017).(in Russ.)

23. Gulishambarov S.I. Oil heating steamships and locomotives: With the attachment of 52 drawings of different apparatus for oil heating and a graphic depiction of the development of the oil industry in the Caucasus from 1830 to 1880 / Eng.-Technol. St. Gulishambarov Compositions. SPb.: Tipografiya (b.) A.M. Kotomnina, 1880. 30 p. (in Russ.)

24. Documents of life and activities of the Nobel family. V. 1. SPb.: Gumanistika Publ., 2009. 480 p.(in Russ.)

25. Statement 06.10.1882. Published 28.12.1883 // Zapiski IRTO and set of privileges. 1885. Iss. 9. Privilege 174. P. 1–4. 1 list of drawing. L. S. 1 the devil. (in Russ.)

26. A set of privileges, issued in Russia in 1883, the Department of Trade and Manufactures. Saint Petersburg, 1883. P. 174. (in Russ.)

27. To the memory of Ludwig Emmanuilovich Nobel Ceremonial Meeting of the Imperial Russian Technical Society. Islands 31 March 1889. Saint Petersburg: Publisher: Tipografiya of Panteleyev’s brothers, 1889. 59 p. (in Russ.)

28. Twenty-fifth anniversary of the Partnership of oil production of Nobel’s brothers. 1879–1904. Saint Petersburg: Partnership of R. Golike and Vilborg, 1904.171 p.(in Russ.)

29. Thirty years of activity of the Partnership of oil production of Nobel’s brothers. 1879–1909. Saint Petersburg, 1914. 416 p. (in Russ.)

30. Dragulsky S.A. The birth of the oil industry in Russia [Electronic resource] – URL: (accessed 20.02.2017). (in Russ.)

31. Dyakonova I.A. Oil and coal in the power industry of tsarist Russia in international comparisons. M: ROSPEN, 1999. 296 p. (in Russ.)

32. Beeby-Thompson. The oil fields of Russia and the Russian petroleum industry. London: C. Lockwood, 1908. 415 p.

33. Frolov V.I. Economics of oil farming. Moscow-Leningrad: the Council of the Oil Industry, 1928. 392 p. (in Russ.)

34. Perske S., Perske L. Russian oil industry, its development and current situation of the statistical data. Tiflis, 1913. 66 p.(in Russ.)

35. Dyakonova I.A. Oil and coal in industrial energy of Russia at the XIX century – the beginning of 20th: abstract of diss. … D.Sc. (History). Moscow, 1996. 40 p. (in Russ.)

36. Kostornichenko V.N. To the question of the nationalization of the domestic oil industry in 1918 // Ekonomicheskaya istoriya. Obozrenie (Economic History. Survey) / Ed. by L.I. Borodkin. Iss. 10. Moscow: MGU Publ., 2005. P. 80–100. (in Russ.)

37. Mendeleev D.I. Compositions: in 25 v. Leningrad- Moscow: USSR Academy of Sciences Publ. Vol. X. Oil, 1949. P. 645, 587; Vol. XIX. Economic works. II, 1950. P. 693. (in Russ.)

38. The Russian State Historical Archive. F. 37. Op. 31. D. 421. L. 4–6, 7, 8, 11.

39. Bodrova E.V., Krasivskaya V.N. The role of the state in the development of technical education and science and technology institutions in Russia // Rossiyskiy tekhnologicheskiy zhurnal (Russian Technological Journal). 2016. V. 4. № 5 (14). P. 89–101. (in Russ.)

40. Central State Archive of Moscow. F. 1109. Op.1. D. 7. L. 34. (in Russ.)

41. Bodrova E.V., Kalinov V.V., Filatova M.N., Gusarova M.N., Sergeev S.V. The state policy in the oil and gas sector in the context of Russian modernization. Moscow: MAORI Publ., 2014. 813 p. (in Russ.)


For citations:

Bodrova E.V., Krasivskaya V.N. TO THE QUESTION OF THE REASONS OF THE FUEL CRISIS IN THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE AT THE BEGINNING OF THE 20th CENTURY. Fine Chemical Technologies. 2017;12(6):98-107. (In Russ.)

Views: 370

ISSN 2410-6593 (Print)
ISSN 2686-7575 (Online)