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This article describes a new method of thermochemical synthesis of luminescent nanostructured powders of Y2O3:Eu3+ and Y2O3:Bi3+, Eu3+ based on the burning of nitrate salts in the presence of a complex organic fuel consisting of a mixture of carbamide and hexamethylenetetramine (HMTA). It is established that using a combined fuel - a mixture of carbamide and HMTA - in a thermochemical reaction followed by calcination of the precursor at 650ºC gives more friable powders than the reaction with pure carbamide as a fuel, with a large amount of cavities. It is shown that when preparing Y2O3:Eu3+powders, complex compounds of anhydrous nitrates Y(NО3)3∙3СO(NH2)2 and Eu(NO3)3∙6CO(NH2)2 with urea are formed at the gel stage. They are decomposed at a higher temperature (about 1200ºС) resulting from the combustion process. As a result, corresponding crystalline oxides are formed. The europium ions replace a part of the yttrium ions in the structure of Y2O3 favouring the formation of a luminescent powder. X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and photoluminescence spectroscopy have been used to characterize these powders. The powders synthesized in this manner (calcination at 650ºC) show a sharp peak in the X-ray diffraction picture at 2θ = 28.94° corresponding to crystalline Y2O3 particles with average particle size 62.3 nm. However, when treatment temperature is increased to 1200ºC, and the process duration is 1 h, the average particle size increases to 0.25 microns. Measurement of photoluminescence spectra of the samples revealed a maximum in the red region (λ=612 nm) when exciting at a wavelength of 395 nm (violet radiation). Luminescence intensity increases by 15% when introducing bismuth ions into the Y2O3 matrix and decreases by 30% when calcinating the Y2O3:Eu3+ powders at 1100ºС. The nanostructured Y2O3:Bi3+, Eu3+ powders obtained by the burning method can be applied in systems for protecting valuable security and industrial products, because these powders have special luminescent characteristics allowing to make visual observation of texts and tags under the radiation of LED sources without application of UV-lamps.

About the Authors

O. V. Davydova
Gomel State Technical University
Gomel, 246746 Belarus

N. E. Drobyshevskaya
Gomel State Technical University
Gomel, 246746 Belarus

E. N. Poddenezhny
Gomel State Technical University
Gomel, 246746 Belarus

A. A. Boiko
Gomel State Technical University
Gomel, 246746 Belarus


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For citations:

Davydova O.V., Drobyshevskaya N.E., Poddenezhny E.N., Boiko A.A. THERMOCHEMICAL SYNTHESIS OF NANOSTRUCTURED Y2O3: Eu3+ AND Y2O3:Bi3+,Eu3+ POWDERS AND THEIR LUMINESCENT PROPERTIES. Fine Chemical Technologies. 2017;12(1):31-38. (In Russ.)

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ISSN 2410-6593 (Print)
ISSN 2686-7575 (Online)