Fine Chemical Technologies

Advanced search

Biodegradable packaging materials based on low density polyethylene, starch and monoglycerides

Full Text:


Objectives. To investigate the production and biological degradation of biodegradable hybrid compositions (BHCs), dispersed-filled with starch-containing products of various origins and distilled monoglycerides, along with the biodegradation of compositions based on low density polyethylene and thermoplastic starch (TPS) of various origins: corn, pea, and rice.

Methods. Thermoplastic starch was obtained based on native starches of several types, which were processed in Brabender and MashkPlast (Russia) laboratory extruders. BHCs in the form of strands, granules, and films were obtained by mixing thermoplastic starches with polyethylene in extruders. Structural BHC parameters were studied by optical and electron scanning microscopy. The biodegradability of the composite films was evaluated by placing them in biohumus for six months; during storage, the change in water absorption of the films was determined. Before and after the biodegradation process, tensile fracture stress and elongation at rupture were determined to evaluate BHC performance (physical and mechanical characteristics of films). Changes in the chemical structure during biodegradation were determined by Fourier infrared spectroscopy.

Results. The positive effect (acceleration of the biodegradation process) of using a novel type of starch plasticizer—monoglycerides distilled in TPS–polyethylene compositions—was confirmed. After six months, intensive sporulation of active microorganisms was observed on the surface of the samples. At the same time, water absorption by the samples reached 30%. The observed 60% decrease in strength and deformation properties indicates an intensive process of biodegradation.

Conclusions. The biodegradation rate was shown to depend on the concentration and even distribution of the natural biodegradable filler in the synthetic polymer composition.


About the Authors

I. Yu. Vasilyev
Moscow Polytechnic University
Russian Federation

Ilya Yu. Vasilyev, Lecturer, Department of Innovative Materials for the Print Media Industry, Institute of Print Media and Information Technologies

38, Bolshaya Semenovskaya ul., Moscow, 127008

Scopus Author ID 57195569317,

RSCI SPIN-code 2038-4156

V. V. Ananyev
Moscow Polytechnic University
Russian Federation

Vladimir V. Ananyev, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Professor, Department of Innovative Materials for the Print Media Industry, Institute of Print Media and Information Technologies

38, Bolshaya Semenovskaya ul., Moscow, 127008

RSCI SPIN-code 3099-6905

M. E. Chernov
K.G. Razumovsky Moscow State University of Technology
Russian Federation

Michel E. Chernov, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Professor, Department Automated Control Systems

73, Zemlyanoi Val ul., Moscow, 109004

RSCI SPIN-code 3412-9777


1. Litvyak V.V. Prospects of manufacture of modern packaging materials with application of biodelessed polymer compositions. Zhurnal Belorusskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Ekologiya. = Journal of the Belarusian State University. Ecology. 2019;(2):84–94 (in Russ.). URL:

2. Kalia S. Biodegradable Green Composites. John Wiley & Sons; 2016. 368 p.

3. Anan’ev V.V., Kulikov P.P., Vasil’ev I.Yu. Study of polyolefin compositions capable of degradation. Packaging. 2015;(3):46–48 (in Russ.).

4. Nishat N., Malik A. Synthesis, spectral characterization thermal stability, antimicrobial studies and biodegradation of starch–thiourea based biodegradable polymeric ligand and its coordination complexes with [Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), and Zn(II)] metals. Journal of Saudi Chemical Society. 2016;20(Suppl. 1):S7–S15.

5. Sudhakar Y.N., Selvakumar M. Lithium perchlorate doped plasticized chitosan and starch blend as biodegradable polymer electrolyte for supercapacitors. Electrochimica Acta. 2012;78:398–405.

6. Mendes J.F., Paschoalin R.T., Carmona V.B., Sena Neto A.R., Marques A.C.P., Marconcini J.M., Mattoso L.H.C., Medeiros E.S., Oliveira J.E. Biodegradable polymer blends based on corn starch and thermoplastic chitosan processed by extrusion. Carbohydr. Polym. 2016137:452–458.

7. Nguyen D.M., Do T.V.V., Grillet A-C., Thuc H.H., Thuc C.N.H. Biodegradability of polymer film based on low density polyethylene and cassava starch. Int. Biodeterior. Biodegradation. 2016;115:257–265.

8. Tang X., Alavi S. Recent advances in starch, polyvinyl alcohol based polymer blends, nanocomposites and their biodegradability. Carbohydr. Polym. 2011;85(1):7–16.

9. Singh R., Sharma R., Shaqib M., Sarkar A., Dutt Chauhan K. In: Biodegradable polymers as packaging materials. Biopolymers and their Industrial Applications. From Plant, Animal, and Marine Sources, to Functional Products. 2021. Chapter 10. P. 245–259.

10. Ojogbo E., Ogunsona E.O., Mekonnen T.H. Chemical and physical modifications of starch for renewable polymeric materials. Materials Today Sustainability. 2020;7–8:100028.

11. Tudorachi N., Cascaval C.N., Rusu M., Pruteanu M. Testing of polyvinyl alcohol and starch mixtures as biodegradable polymeric materials. Polym. Test. 2000;19(7):785–799.

12. Fonseca-García A., Jiménez-Regalado E., Aguirre-Loredo R-Y. Preparation of a novel biodegradable packaging film based on corn starch-chitosan and poloxamers. Carbohydr. Polym. 2021;251:117009.

13. Mittal A., Garg S., Bajpai S. Fabrication and characteristics of poly (vinyl alcohol)-starch-cellulosic material based biodegradable composite film for packaging application. Materials Today: Proceedings. 2020;21(3):1577–1582.

14. Tabasum S., Younas M., Zaeem M.A., Majeed I., Majeed M., Noreen A., NaeemIqbal M., Zia K.M. A review on blending of corn starch with natural and synthetic polymers, and inorganic nanoparticles with mathematical modeling. Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 2019;122:969–996.

15. Wasserman L.A., Papakhin A.A., Borodina Z.M., et al. Some physico-chemical and thermodynamic characteristics of maize starches hydrolyzed by glucoamylase. Carbohydr. Polym. 2019;112:260–269.

16. Kwon S.S., Kong B.J., Park S.N. Physicochemical properties of pH-sensitive hydrogels based on hydroxyethyl cellulose-hyaluronic acid and for applications as transdermal delivery systems for skin lesions. Eur. J. Pharm. Biopharm. 2015;92:146–154.

17. Razavi S.M.A., Cui S.W., Ding Н. Structural and physicochemical characteristics of a novel water-soluble gum from Lallemantia royleana seed. Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 2016;83:142–151.

18. Lukin N.D., Kolpakova V.V., Usachev I.S., Sardzhvelazhdze A.S., Solomin D.A., Vasilyev I.Yu. Modification of polymer compositions with thermoplastic starch for bio-dependable packaging products. In: Biotekhnologiya: sostoyanie i perspektivy razvitiya: Materialy mezhdunarodnogo kongressa (Biotechnology: State and Development Prospects: Proceedings of the International Congress). 2019. P. 102–104 (in Russ.).

19. Kolpakova V.V., Usachev I.S., Sardzhveladze A.S., Solomin D.A., Ananiev V.V., Vasil’ev I.Yu. Perfection of technology of application of thermoplastic starch for biodegradable polymer film. Pishchevaya promyshlennost’ = Food Industry. 2017;(8):34–38 (in Russ.).

20. Ananyev V.V., Nagornova I.V., Bablyuk E.B., Vasilyev I.Y., Varepo L.G. Рolymer composites including natural additives degradation rate indication. In: AIP Conference Proceedings. 2017;1876(1):020091.

21. Lukin N.D., Kolpakova V.V., Usachev I.S., Papakhin A.A., Sardzhveladze A.S., Borodina Z.M., Vasilev I.Yu., Ananev V.V. Biologicheski razrushaemaya termoplastichnaya kompozitsiya (Biologically degradable thermoplastic composition): Pat. RF 2691988. Publ. 19.06.2019. (in Russ.).

22. Vasilyev I.Yu., Ananyev V.V., Kolpakova V.V., Sardzhveladze A.S. Development of technology for producing biodegradable hybrid composites based on polyethylene, starch, and monoglycerides. Fine Chem. Technol. 2020;15(6):44–55 (in Russ.).

23. Vasilyev I., Ananiev V., Sultanova Yu., Kolpakova V. Effect of the biodegradable compounds composition with monoglycerides on mechanical properties. In: Materials Science Forum. 2021;1031:7–16.

24. Kolpakova V., Usachev I., Papakhin A., Sardzhveladze A., Ananiev V. Thermoplastic composition with modified porous corn starch of biodegradability properties. In: 2019 Proceedings of the GEOLINS International Scientific Conference on Geosciences. March 26–29, 2019. Athens, Greece. P. 33–41.

25. Vasilyev I.Yu., Ananyev V.V., Sultanova Yu.M., Kolpakova V.V. Composition effect of biodegradable compounds based on polyethylene, starch and monoglycerides on their physical-mechanical properties and structure. Vse materialy. Entsiklopedicheskii spravochnik (All Materials. Encyclopaedic Reference Manual). 2021;(5):31–38 (in Russ.).


For citations:

Vasilyev I.Yu., Ananyev V.V., Chernov M.E. Biodegradable packaging materials based on low density polyethylene, starch and monoglycerides. Fine Chemical Technologies. 2022;17(3):231-241.

Views: 96

ISSN 2410-6593 (Print)
ISSN 2686-7575 (Online)