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One of the harmful factors of the interaction of microorganisms with the technosphere is the formation of biofilms on the surface of various products. Steady colonies of bacteria ensure a stable contamination of the handling medium of the product, and their release is a cause of biodestructive processes in materials. In many cases, single or even regular antimicrobial treatment does not lead to complete suppression of colony formation. Therefore, today the most demanded methods of preventing biofilms formation involve the creation of materials that are resistant to colonization by bacteria. Since bacteria cells directly interact with the surface of the material, it is the surface that should have antibacterial properties. In the review, various methods of preventing the formation of biofilms by the example of polymeric materials are considered. The main attention is paid to the methods of creating antibacterial surfaces, which in various ways prevent the formation of biofilms. In accordance with the world practice, all antibacterial surfaces are divided into four types: releasing, contact-active, repelling and self-polishing. The advantages and disadvantages of each type of antibacterial surfaces, their existing limitations in use and prospects for further development are noted. Information on the compatibility of individual types of surfaces is also noted in the literature.

About the Authors

L. R. Lyusova
MIREA - Russian Technological University (M.V. Lomonosov Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies)
Russian Federation

D.Sc. (Engineering), Professor, Head of the F.F. Koshelev Chair of Chemistry and Technology of Elastomers Processing

86, Vernadskogo pr., Moscow 119571,Russia

А. А. Ilyin
MIREA - Russian Technological University (M.V. Lomonosov Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies)
Russian Federation

Ph.D. (Engineering), Senior Lecturer of the F.F. Koshelev Chair of Chemistry and Technology of Elastomers Processing

86, Vernadskogo pr., Moscow 119571, Russia

L. S. Shibryaeva
N.M. Emanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics the Russian Academy of Sciences; Federal Scientific Agroengineering Center VIM
Russian Federation

D.Sc. (Chemistry), Professor, Leading Researcher

4, Kosygin St., Moscow 119334, Russia

Leading Researcher

5, 1st Institutskiy driveway, Moscow 109428, Russia


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For citations:

Lyusova L.R., Ilyin А.А., Shibryaeva L.S. METHODS OF PREVENTING BIOFILMS FORMATION ON THE SURFACES OF POLYMER MATERIALS. Fine Chemical Technologies. 2018;13(6):5-27. (In Russ.)

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