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Manufacturing of nanopillar (ultra-dispersed) catalytically active materials through chemical engineering

https://doi.org/10.32362/2410-6593-2021-16-2-105-112

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Abstract

Objectives. Catalytically active materials are required in different chemical engineering processes. This makes the development of new materials with high efficiency and original ways in which to obtain them of significant interest. The present work investigates the synthesis of catalytically active material including electrode materials, as well as their improved efficiency due to the nanodecoration of their surface.

Methods. An aluminum folio was nanoperforated (nanoscalloped) by high-voltage anodization in an acidic medium. The effective electrode material was obtained as a metallic nickel replica rather than an oxide layer of the product. To study the surface state of aluminum obtained in this manner, a scanning electron microscope (Hitachi-SU8200) was used. The elementary composition of the aluminum was determined by back-scattered X-ray irradiation.

Results. The nickel replica obtained in the above-described process exceeded the catalytic activity estimated by methanol oxidation of the unprocessed nickel 70–150 times.

Conclusions. The present paper demonstrates the potential of creating effective catalytically active nanopillar materials using the metallic rather than metal-oxide part of a layer of anodized aluminum as a matrix template. 

About the Authors

A. P. Antropov
MIREA – Russian Technological University (M.V. Lomonosov Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies)
Russian Federation

Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Associate Professor, Department of Energy Technologies, Systems and Installations,

86, Vernadskogo pr., Moscow, 119571



N. K. Zaytsev
MIREA – Russian Technological University (M.V. Lomonosov Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies)
Russian Federation

Dr. Sci. (Chem.), Assistant Professor, Head of the Department of Energy Technologies, Systems and Installations, M.V. Lomonosov Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies, 

86, Vernadskogo pr., Moscow, 119571



Ye. D. Ryabkov
MIREA – Russian Technological University (M.V. Lomonosov Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies)
Russian Federation

Postgraduate Student, Department of Energy Technologies, Systems and Installations, M.V. Lomonosov Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies,

86, Vernadskogo pr., Moscow, 119571



N. A. Yashtulov
MIREA – Russian Technological University (M.V. Lomonosov Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies)
Russian Federation

Dr. Sci. (Chem.), Professor, Department of Energy Technologies, Systems and Installations, M.V. Lomonosov Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies,

86, Vernadskogo pr., Moscow, 119571



P. N. Mudrakova
MIREA – Russian Technological University (M.V. Lomonosov Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies)
Russian Federation

Master Student, Department of Energy Technologies, Systems and Installations, M.V. Lomonosov Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies, 

86, Vernadskogo pr., Moscow, 119571



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Supplementary files

1. Fig. 2. A three-dimensional diagram of the dependence of the average diameter of holes formed on the aluminum surface during anodization on the voltage and time of anodizin).
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2. This is to certify that the paper titled Manufacturing of nanopillar (ultra-dispersed) catalytically active materials through chemical engineering commissioned to us by Alexey P. Antropov, Nikolay K. Zaytsev, Yegor D. Ryabkov, Nikolay A. Yashtulov, and Polina N. Mudrakova has been edited for English language and spelling by Enago, an editing brand of Crimson Interactive Inc.
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  • A nanostructuring method, in which the nanostructure material acts as a substrate, was implemented for the first time.
  • The replicas method allowed for creating nanostructured surfaces with controlled morphology and the ability to modify materials with nanoclusters in the process of their creation.
  • A nanostructured nickel material was obtained that surpassed smooth nickel in methanol oxidation reaction by 70–150 times.

For citation:


Antropov A.P., Zaytsev N.K., Ryabkov Y.D., Yashtulov N.A., Mudrakova P.N. Manufacturing of nanopillar (ultra-dispersed) catalytically active materials through chemical engineering. Fine Chemical Technologies. 2021;16(2):105-112. https://doi.org/10.32362/2410-6593-2021-16-2-105-112

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