Fine Chemical Technologies

Advanced search

Development of technology for producing biodegradable hybrid composites based on polyethylene, starch, and monoglycerides

Full Text:


Objectives. This work aimed to develop technology to produce biodegradable hybrid composite (BHC) films based on low-density polyethylene (LDPE) 115030-070 and thermoplastic starches (TPS) of various origins (corn, pea, and rice), with distilled monoglycerides as the plasticizer. The properties of the produced BHC films were studied and the optimal native starch : glycerol : monoglycerides ratio is proposed.

Methods. TPS and BHC films based on this material were produced from different types of native starches in laboratory extruders (Brabender and MashPlast, Russia), and the extruded melts were subjected to ultrasonic vibrations. The structure and appearance of the BHC films were studied using scanning electron microscopy and rheology. Their biodegradability was assessed by immersing them in biocompost for three months. To evaluate the mechanical performance of the BHC films produced with and without ultrasound, the changes in tensile stress and elongation at break were determined during the biodegradation process.

Results. The BHC films had a homogeneous structure, except small agglomerates (non-melted starch grains), which did not reduce their quality. The films with monoglycerides had high tensile strength, which was comparable with low-density polyethylene. After removing samples of the BHC films from the biocompost, their tensile strength decreased by 20%, which shows their biodegradability.

Conclusions. The produced biodegradable composite films and the technology used to produce them will be applicable for the packaging industry to reduce environmental impact.

About the Authors

I. Yu. Vasilyev
Moscow Polytechnic University
Russian Federation

Ilya Yu. Vasilyev, Lecturer, Department of Innovative Materials for the Print Media Industry, Institute of Print Media and Information Technologies

38, Bolshaya Semenovskaya ul., Moscow, 127008

V. V. Ananyev
Moscow Polytechnic University
Russian Federation

Vladimir V. Ananyev, Cand. of Sci. (Engineering), Professor, Department of Innovative Materials for the Print Media Industry, Institute of Print Media and Information Technologies

38, Bolshaya Semenovskaya ul., Moscow, 127008

V. V. Kolpakova
All-Russian Research Institute of Starch Products
Russian Federation

Valentina V. Kolpakova, Dr. of Sci.(Engineering), Professor, Head of the Department

11, Nekrasova ul., Kraskovo, Moscow oblast, 140051

A. S. Sardzhveladze
All-Russian Research Institute of Starch Products
Russian Federation

Aslan S. Sardzhveladze, Senior Researcher

11, Nekrasova ul., Kraskovo, Moscow oblast, 140051


1. Litvyak V.V. Prospects of manufacture of modern packaging materials with the application of bioddelessed polymer compositions. Zhurnal Belorusskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Ekologiya = Journal of the Belarusian State University. Ecology. 2019;2:84-94 (in Russ.).

2. Kirsch I.A., Romanova V.A., Tveritinova I.S., Beznaeva O.V., Bannikova O.A., Shmakova N.S. Studies of the effect of ultrasonic treayment on melts of polymer composition based on polyethylene and modified starch. Khimicheskaya promyshlennost’ segodnya = Chemical Industry Today. 2020;1:62-67 (in Russ.).

3. Коlpakova V.V., Ananiev V.V., Kirsh I.A., Lukin N.D., Kostenko V.G., Scobelyskaya Z.G., Pankratov G.N., Gavrilov A.M. Modification of Biodegradable Polymeric Compositions by Waste of Food Production. Dostizheniya nauki i tekhniki APK = Achievements of Science and Technology of AIC. 2016;30(10):109-115 (in Russ.).

4. Lukin N.D., Коlpakova V.V., Usachev I.S., Sarjvelazhdze A.S., Solomin D.A. Modification of polymer compositions with thermoplastic starch for packaging products. In: Biotekhnologiya: sostoyanie i perspektivy razvitiya. Materialy mezhdunarodnogo kongressa (Biotechnology: State of the Art and Perspectives. The Proceedings of International Congress). Moscow: RED GROUP; 2019. P. 102-104 (in Russ.).

5. Kirsh I.A., Beznaeva O.V., Bannikova O.A., Romanova Budaeva V.A., Zagrebina D.M., Tveritnikova I.S. Creation of biodegradable polymer materials exposing ultrasounds to their melts. J. Adv. Res. Dyn. Control Syst. 2019;11(8 special issue):1944-1949.

6. Коlpakova V.V., Usachev I.S., Sarjvelazhdze A.S., Solomin D.A., Ananiev V.V., Vasil’ev I.Yu. Perfection of technology of application of thermoplastic starch for polymeric film. Pishchevaya promyshlennost’ = Food Industry. 2017;8:34-38 (in Russ.).

7. Коlpakova V.V., Usachev I.S., Solomin D.A. Biodegradable polymers: compound biocomponents and manufacturing technological solutions. Pishchevaya promyshlennost’ = Food Industry. 2019;12:51-57 (in Russ.).

8. Kaseem M., Hamad K., Deri F. Thermoplastic starch blends: A review of recent works. Polym. Sci. Ser. A. 2012;54:165-176.

9. Lukin N.D., Usachev I.S. Technology of thermoplastic starch production. Vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta inzhenernykh tekhnologii = Proceedings of the Voronezh State University of Engineering Technologies. 2015;(4):156-159 (in Russ.).

10. Lukin D., Kolpakova V., Ananyev V., Lukin N., Usachev I., Sardjveladze A., Solomin D. Application of thermoplastic starch and starch containing waste of food industry in biodegradable polymer compositions. In: Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Polysaccarides-Clycoscience. Prague, October 19–21, 2016. P. 58-62.

11. Kolpakova V., Usachev I., Papakhin A., Sardzhveladze A., Ananiev V. Thermoplastic composition with modified porous corn starch of biodegradability properties. In: 2019 Proceedings of the GEOLINS International Scientific conference on geosciences. March 26–29, 2019. Athens, Greece. P. 33-41.

12. Nishat N., Malik A. Synthesis, spectral characterization thermal stability, antimicrobial studies and biodegradation of starch–thiourea based biodegradable polymeric ligand and its coordination complexes with [Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), and Zn(II)] metals. Journal of Saudi Chemical Society. 2016;20(1):S7-S15.

13. Sudhakar Y.N., Selvakumar M. Lithium perchlorate doped plasticized chitosan and starch blend as biodegradable polymer electrolyte for supercapacitors. Electrochimica Acta. 2012;78(1):398-405.

14. Mendes J.F., Paschoalin R.T., Carmona V.B., Neto A.R.S., Marques A.C.P., Marconcini J.M., Mattoso L.H.C., Medeiros E.S., Oliveira J.E. Biodegradable polymer blends based on corn starch and thermoplastic chitosan processed by extrusion. Carbohydrate Polymers. 2016;137(10):452-458.

15. Nguyen D.M., Do T.V.V., Grillet A-C., Thuc H.H., Thuc C.N.H. Biodegradability of polymer film based on low density polyethylene and cassava starch. Int. Biodeter. Biodegr. 2016;115:257-265.

16. Tang X., Alavi S. Recent advances in starch, polyvinyl alcohol based polymer blends, nanocomposites and their biodegradability. Carbohydrate Polymers. 2011;85(1):7-16.

17. Singh R., Sharma R., Shaqib M., Sarkar A., Chauhan K.D. Biodegradable polymers as packaging materials. In: Biopolymers and their Industrial Applications. From Plant, Animal, and Marine Sources, to Functional Products. 2021. Chapter 10. P. 245-259.

18. Ojogbo E., Ogunsona E.O., Mekonnen T.H. Chemical and physical modifications of starch for renewable polymeric materials. Materials Today Sustainability. 2020;7-8:100028.

19. Tudorachi N., Cascaval C.N., Rusu M., Pruteanu M. Testing of polyvinyl alcohol and starch mixtures as biodegradable polymeric materials. Polymer Testing. 2000;19(7):785-799.

20. Fonseca-García A., Jiménez-Regalado E.J., Aguirre-Loredo R.Y. Preparation of a novel biodegradable packaging film based on corn starch-chitosan and poloxamers. Carbohydrate Polymers. 2021;251(1):117009.

21. Mittal A., Garg S., Bajpai S. Fabrication and characteristics of poly (vinyl alcohol)-starch-cellulosic material based biodegradable composite film for packaging application. Materials Today: Proceedings. 2020;21(3):1577-1582.

22. Tabasum S., Younas M., Zaeem M.A., Majeed I., Majeed M., Noreen A., NaeemIqbal M., Zia K.M. A review on blending of corn starch with natural and synthetic polymers, and inorganic nanoparticles with mathematical modeling. Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 2019;122:969-996.

Supplementary files

1. Schematic of the twin-screw extruder for obtaining composite granules (see the article)
Type Research Instrument
View (211KB)    
Indexing metadata
  • Research has been conducted to produce films from biologically degradable hybrid composite material based on LDPE and thermoplastic starch of various origins, and the use of distilled monoglycerides as the plasticizer component.
  • The use of ultrasonic vibrations improves the mechanical properties of the films and accelerates their biodegradation.

For citation:

Vasilyev I.Yu., Ananyev V.V., Kolpakova V.V., Sardzhveladze A.S. Development of technology for producing biodegradable hybrid composites based on polyethylene, starch, and monoglycerides. Fine Chemical Technologies. 2020;15(6):44-55.

Views: 52

ISSN 2410-6593 (Print)
ISSN 2686-7575 (Online)