Preview

Fine Chemical Technologies

Advanced search

Periodic Table of chemical elements and Soviet atomic project

https://doi.org/10.32362/2410-6593-2019-14-6-9-16

Full Text:

Abstract

The Soviet atomic project, also known as the nuclear shield, is a true triumph of the Periodic Law. Unlike other global projects, it covers the entire Periodic Table of chemical elements: from the first element of the table (hydrogen) to the last one at the time of the project’s completion (plutonium). The article, based on rare open publications, describes the main stages and chemical-technological issues surrounding the creation of atomic and thermonuclear weapons - the main goal of the nuclear shield New fundamental results of the chemistry and technology of isotopes of hydrogen, lithium, beryllium, polonium, uranium, and plutonium have been obtained that could significantly expand the Periodic Table of chemical elements.

About the Author

R. E. Kusin
All-Russian Research Institute of Chemical Technology
Russian Federation

Rudolf E. Kuzin - Dr. of Sci. (Engineering), Professor, Chief Researcher of the Radiation Control Laboratory.

33, Kashirskoe shosse, Moscow 115409


Competing Interests: not


References

1. Nauka i obshchestvo: istoriya sovetskogo atomnogo proekta (1940-1950 gody). Trudy mezhdunarodnogo simpoziuma ISAP-96. (Science and society: History of the Soviet atomic project (1940-1950). Proceedings of the International Symposium ISAP-96), Moscow: IzdAT; 1997. 608 p. (in Russ.). ISBN 5-86656-073-9

2. Kruglov A.K. Kak sozdavalas ’ atomnaya promyshlennost’ v SSSR (How the atomic industry was created in the USSR), Moscow: TsMIAtominfoim; 1994. 380 p. (in Russ.). ISBN 5-85 165-011-7

3. Gubarev V S. Yadernyi vek. Bomba (Nuclear age. Bomb), Moscow: IzdAT; 1995. 400 p. (in Russ.). ISBN 5-86656-027-5

4. Pervaya ledi sovetskoi atomnoi nauki. Sbornik statei k 100-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya Z.V. Ershovoi (First lady of the Soviet atomic science. Collection of articles for the 100th anniversary of the birth of Z.V. Ershova), Vladimirova M.V (Ed.) Moscow: VNIINM; 2004. 128 p. (in Russ.). ISBN 5-88921-020-3

5. Nesterov Yu.V, Petruhin N.P. (eds.) Syr’evaya baza atomnoi promyshlennosti. Sobytiya, lyudi, dostizheniya (The raw material base of the atomic industry. Events, people, achievements). Moscow: Atomredmetzoloto; 2015. 288 p. (in Russ.).

6. Baranov V.I. (Ed.) Sklodowska-Curie М. Radioactivity: A translation from the French by Z.V Ershova and VD. Nikolskii. Moscow, Gostekhizdat; 1947. 520 p. (in Russ.).

7. All-Russian Research Institute of Chemical Technology. VNIIKhT - 50 years: Anniversary collection of works. Moscow: TsNIIAtominform; 2001. 448 p. (in Russ.). ISBN 5-87911-067-2

8. Leading Research Institute of Chemical Technology. VNIIKhT - 60 years: Anniversary collection of works. Moscow: Leonard-Design; 2011. 528 p. (in Russ.).

9. Leading Research Institute of Chemical Technology. VNIIKhT - 65 years. Collection of proceedings. Moscow: WINPRESS; 2016. 368 p. (in Russ.). ISBN 978-5-9908229-0-0

10. Uranium and humans are half a century together. The history of the GMZ in the memories of witnesses. Zhovti Vody, Ukraina: VostGOK, Enterprise Norm; 2009. 496 p. (in Russ.).

11. Chesnokov N.I. Sozdanie i razvitie uranodoby-vayushchei promyshlennosti v stranakh vostochnoi Evropy (Creation and development of uranium mining industry in Eastern Europe). Moscow: Inform-Znanie; 1998. 236 p. (in Russ.). ISBN 5-8032-0004-2

12. Slavsky E.P. Tvortsy atomnogo veka (The creators of the atomic age). Moscow: SlovoDelo; 2013. 380 p. (in Russ.). ISBN 978-5-9904750-1-4

13. Nesterov Yu.V Ionity i ionoobmen, Sorbtsionnaya tekhnologiya pri dobyche urana i drugikh metallov metodom podzemnogo vyshchelachivaniya (Ionites and ion exchange, Sorption technology in the extraction of uranium and other metals by underground leaching). Moscow: Atomredmetzoloto; 2007. 480 p. (in Russ.). ISBN 978-5-94982-039-8

14. Kikoin I.K., Sazykin A.A., Galkin N.P. Poluchenie i obogashchenie geksaftorida urana. Atomnaya nauka i tekhnika v SSSR (Obtaining and enrichment of uranium hexafluoride. Nuclear science and technology in the USSR). Moscow: Atomizdat; 1977. 520 p. (in Russ.).

15. Sinyov N.M. Obogashchennyi uran dlya atomnogo oruzhiya i energetiki (Enriched uranium for atomic weapons and energy). Moscow: TsNIIAtominform; 1991. 138 p. (in Russ.).

16. At ultra-high speeds. Ural electrochemical plant is 70 years old. Moscow: Country Rosatom - Atom-press, 2019 July 8-14; 25(393):4-5 (in Russ.).

17. Alexandrov P.A. Akademik Anatolii Petrovich Aleksandrov. Pryamaya rech ’ (Academician Anatoly Petrovich Alexandrov. Direct speech). Moscow: Nauka; 2002. 248 p. (in Russ.). ISBN 5-02-003914-4

18. Vladimirova M.V. (Ed.) Creation of technology for producing tritium. In: Pervaya ledi sovetskoi atomnoi nauki. Sbornik statei k 100-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya Z.V. Ershovoi (First lady of the Soviet atomic science. Collection of articles for the 100th anniversary of the birth of Z.V. Ershova). Moscow: VNIINM; 2004, p. 65. (in Russ.).

19. Ershova Z.V., Vasilyev V.G. Nuclear and chemical processes in lithium materials. In: Trudy Vsesoyuznogo soveshchaniya po inzhenernym problemam upravlyaemogo termoyadernogo sinteza (Proceedings of the All-Union Meeting on Engineering Problems of Controlled Thermonuclear Fusion). Leningrad: D.V. Efremov NIIEFA; 1975, 4. 316 p. (in Russ.).

20. Vladimirova M.V. Nauka - lyubov ’moya (vospominaniya uchenoi damy) (Science is my love (memories of the learned lady)). Moscow: FSUE VNIINM; 2006. 116 p. (in Russ.). ISBN 5-88921-022-X

21. Atomic age. Events, people, business. Mass-political publication for the 60th anniversary of the Soviet atomic project. Electrostal: Firm Atompressa; 2005. 460 p. (in Russ.).

22. Mikhailov V.M. Ya - "yastreb”. Vospominaniya, publikatsii, interv’yu. 1988-2004 gody (I am hawk. Memories, publications, interviews. 1988-2004). Moscow, Sarov, Saransk: 2004. 324 p. (in Russ.). ISBN 5-7493-0618-6

23. 70 years of nuclear industry. Chain reaction of success. Album of the Exhibition in the State Arena. Historical and Cultural Center of Rosatom State Corporation. Moscow: 2016. 124 p. (in Russ.).

24. Atomic age: Chronicles and photographs. Historical and literary edition. Moscow: Firm Atompressa; 2010. 444 p. (in Russ.).


Supplementary files

1. Igor Vasil’evich Kurchatov
Subject
Type Исследовательские инструменты
View (389KB)    
Indexing metadata

For citation:


Kusin R.E. Periodic Table of chemical elements and Soviet atomic project. Fine Chemical Technologies. 2019;14(6):9-16. https://doi.org/10.32362/2410-6593-2019-14-6-9-16

Views: 165


ISSN 2410-6593 (Print)
ISSN 2686-7575 (Online)