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SHARP DISTILLATION FOR QUATERNARY SYSTEMS

https://doi.org/10.32362/24106593-2018-13-3-41-48

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Abstract

Conditions of sharp distillation were considered for zeotropic quaternary system (two pairs of components are characterized by relative volatility close to 1) and systems with one (with minimum or maximum boiling point) and two (with minimum and maximum boiling point) binary azeotropes. Regions of compositions for which sharp distillation is effective (distillate and bottom flows don't contain common components) were determined on the basis of analyzing diagrams of unit manifolds of distribution coefficients (distribution coefficients of two components are higher than one, and those of another two components - lower than one). This kind of separation can be recommended if it doesn’t cause an increase in the number of apparatuses in the separation flowsheet. If the system contains azeotropes of saddle type that can generate separatric manifolds, the possibility and expedience of sharp separation decreases. The conclusions were confirmed by simulation of the distillation process in AspenPlus V.10.0 for real and industrially important quaternary systems: ethyl acetate - benzene - toluene - butyl acetate; acetone - methanol - ethanol - propanol-2; methyl acetate - methanol - acetic acid - acetic anhydride and cyclohexene - cyclohexane - cyclohexanone - phenol. Mathematical modeling was carried out using local compositions models Wilson and NRTL-HOC. The relative error of vapor-liquid equilibrium description is less than 4%. The vapor-liquid equilibrium was simulated, a phase diagram was constructed and analyzed, the parameters of sharp distillation column operation (the number of stages, the feed-stage and reflux ratio) were determined for all systems. The effectiveness of using sharp distillation for the system with phenol was confirmed for a wide range of compositions.

About the Authors

A. V. Frolkova
MIREA - Russian Technological University (M.V. Lomonosov Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies)
Russian Federation

Ph.D. (Eng.), Associate Professor, Chair of Chemistry and Technology of Basic Organic Synthesis

86, Vernadskogo Pr., Moscow 119571, Russia

Researcher ID N-4517-2014



M. S. Peshekhontseva
MIREA - Russian Technological University (M.V. Lomonosov Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies)
Russian Federation

Student, Chair of Chemistry and Technology of Basic Organic Synthesis

86, Vernadskogo Pr., Moscow 119571, Russia



I. S. Gaganov
MIREA - Russian Technological University (M.V. Lomonosov Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies)
Russian Federation

Student, Chair of Chemistry and Technology of Basic Organic Synthesis

86, Vernadskogo Pr., Moscow 119571, Russia



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For citation:


Frolkova A.V., Peshekhontseva M.S., Gaganov I.S. SHARP DISTILLATION FOR QUATERNARY SYSTEMS. Fine Chemical Technologies. 2018;13(3):41-48. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.32362/24106593-2018-13-3-41-48

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ISSN 2410-6593 (Print)
ISSN 2686-7575 (Online)