Preview

Fine Chemical Technologies

Advanced search

INFLUENCE OF EMULATOR'S NATURE ON DISPERSION AND STABILITY OF ARTIFICIAL LATEX

https://doi.org/10.32362/2410-6593-2017-12-5-28-33

Full Text:

Abstract

In this paper, we consider methods for producing artificial latexes based on butadiene-styrene thermoplastic elastomer in the presence of cationic surfactants, as well as their mixtures with nonionic and silicone surfactants. The obtained results are compared for the particle size distribution, and conclusions are drawn about the stability of the polymer suspension. The size of particles of polymer suspensions was determined by the method of photon correlation spectroscopy (dynamic light scattering) using a laser particle analyzer. This method allows us to consider the properties of the resulting polymer suspensions and directly draw conclusions about the effect of nature and the concentration of surface active substances on the stability of the resulting latexes. It can be assumed that in this case, structural- mechanical and electrostatic barriers form in the surface layers of the particles. The combined action of these barriers has made it possible to obtain stable polymer emulsions. Thus, it can be concluded that the used surfactant mixtures make it possible to increase the stability of artificial latexes in the stages of emulsification and distillation.

About the Authors

A. N. Stuzhuk
Moscow Technological University (M.V. Lomonosov Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies)
Russian Federation

Master of Chemistry and Technology, Medvedev Chair of Chemistry and Technology of Macromolecular Compounds

86, Vernadskogo Pr., Moscow, 119571, Russia



I. A. Gritskova
Moscow Technological University (M.V. Lomonosov Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies)
Russian Federation

Professor, D.Sc. (Chemistry), Honored Worker of Science of the Russian Federation, Honorary Worker of Higher Professional Education of the Russian Federation, Professor of the Medvedev Chair of Chemistry and Technology of Macromolecular Compounds

86, Vernadskogo Pr., Moscow, 119571, Russia



P. S. Gorbatov
Moscow Technological University (M.V. Lomonosov Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies)
Russian Federation

Student of the Medvedev Chair of Chemistry and Technology of Macromolecular Compounds

86, Vernadskogo Pr., Moscow, 119571, Russia



M. M. Pavlovski
Moscow Technological University (M.V. Lomonosov Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies)
Russian Federation

Student of the Medvedev Chair of Chemistry and Technology of Macromolecular Compounds

86, Vernadskogo Pr., Moscow, 119571, Russia



P. S. Zavyazkin
Moscow Technological University (M.V. Lomonosov Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies)
Russian Federation

Master of Chemistry and Technology, Medvedev Chair of Chemistry and Technology of Macromolecular Compounds

86, Vernadskogo Pr., Moscow, 119571, Russia



References

1. Manson J., Sperling L. Polimernye smesi i kompozity (Polymer mixtures and composites). Trans. from English // Ed. Yu.K. Godowsky. Moscow: Khimiya Publ., 1979. 440 p. (in Russ.)

2. Zimon A.D. Adgeziya zhidkosti i smachivanie (Fluid adhesion and wetting). Moscow: Khimiya Publ., 1974. 416 p. (in Russ.)

3. Methods of physico-chemical analysis of binders. Moscow: Vysshaya Shkola Publ., 1981. 335 p. (in Russ.)

4. Holmberg K., Jönssson J., Kronberg B., Lindman B. Surface-active substances and polymers in aqueous solutions. Moscow: BINOM Publ. Laboratory of Knowledge, 2013. 538 p.

5. Zhdanov A.A., Gritskova I.A, Shchegohikhina O.I. Silicone surfactant - particle stabilizers of polystyrene suspensions // Kolloidnyi zhurnal (Colloid Journal). 1995. V. 57. № 1. P. 30–33. (in Russ.)

6. Semchikov Yu.D. High-molecular compounds. Moscow–Nizhniy Novgorod: Publishing House NSTU: Publishing Center "Academy", 2003. 368 p. (in Russ.)

7. Prokopov N.I., Gritskova I.A., Markov A.G., Chalykh A.E., Al-Hawarin D. Polystyrene suspensions prepared in the presence of a carboxyl-containing surfactant // Vysokomoleculyarnye soedineniya (High-Molecular Compounds). 2005. V. 47. № 4. P. 1–6. (in Russ.)

8. Salages D.L. Surfactants – types and uses. FIRP Booklet 300 A, 2002. 49 p.

9. Kolloidnye poverkhnostno-aktivnye veshchestva (Colloidal Surfactants): Trans. from English / Ed. A.B. Taubman, Z.N. Markina. Moscow: Mir Publ., 1966. 320 p. (in Russ.).


For citation:


Stuzhuk A.N., Gritskova I.A., Gorbatov P.S., Pavlovski M.M., Zavyazkin P.S. INFLUENCE OF EMULATOR'S NATURE ON DISPERSION AND STABILITY OF ARTIFICIAL LATEX. Fine Chemical Technologies. 2017;12(5):28-33. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.32362/2410-6593-2017-12-5-28-33

Views: 113


ISSN 2410-6593 (Print)
ISSN 2686-7575 (Online)