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Scientific activity of Ya.K. Syrkin at the Faculty of Chemistry of the IvanovoVoznesensk Polytechnic Institute and in the Ivanovo Institute of Chemistry and Technology (1918–1932)

https://doi.org/10.32362/2410-6593-2020-15-4-71-81

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Abstract

Objectives. Preserving the continuity of scientific schools and increasing scientific motivation is critical for educating new generations of researchers. One way to solve this problem is to promote the historically significant achievements of outstanding scientists working in the field, without which the foundations of modern chemical technologies cannot be imagined. The field of physical chemistry benefited immensely from the contributions made by Professor Yakov Kivovich Syrkin. This article is devoted to the analysis of the growth of Ya.K. Syrkin as a scientist and discusses his main scientific contributions to physical and quantum chemistry.

Methods. The article was prepared using archival materials, bibliographic references, original texts of articles, and scientific reports.

Results. The article details and documents the main scientific achievements of Ya.K. Syrkin during his work at the Ivanovo-Voznesensk Polytechnic Institute and the Ivanovo Institute of Chemistry and Technology between 1918 and 1932, showing his growth and development as a young scientist through his interactions with teachers and colleagues. Syrkin’s research on chemical equilibrium, reaction kinetics, thermodynamics, catalysis, solution theory, solvate effects, and colloidal systems are presented herein.

Conclusions. A retrospective analysis of the career of Ya.K. Syrkin shows the scope of his research interests and his ability to build on the foundations provided by great predecessors such as Gibbs, Van’t Hoff, Arrhenius, Ostwald, and Nernst. A comprehensive study of fundamental and applied aspects of physical chemistry guided Syrkin’s approach to understanding the importance of molecular structure and the nature of chemical bonds in all observed chemical phenomena.

About the Authors

A. S. Malyasova
Ivanovo State University of Chemistry and Technology
Russian Federation

Alyona S. Malyasova, Cand. of Sci. (Chemistry), Senior Researcher. Scopus Author ID 14021314000, ResearсherID F-4435-2017

7, Sheremetevskii pr., Ivanovo, 153000



O. I. Koifman
Ivanovo State University of Chemistry and Technology; G.A. Krestov Institute of Solution Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Oskar I. Koifman, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Dr. of Sci. (Chemistry), Professor, President of the Ivanovo State University of Chemistry and Technology, Main Scientific Employee. Scopus Author ID 6602070468, ResearсherID R-1020-2016

7, Sheremetevskii pr., Ivanovo, 153000

1, Akademicheskaya ul., Ivanovo, 153045



References

1. Ganyushkina V.V., Talanova M.N. Syrkin Yakov Kivovich: bibliograficheskii ukazatel’ (Syrkin Yakov Kivovich: Bibliography), Koifman O.I. Ed., Seriya “Zolotoi fond Khimtekha” (Series “Gold Fund of Chemtech”). Ivanovo: Ivanovskii gos. khim.-tekhnol. univ. = Ivanovo State University of Chemistry and Technology; 2014. 140 p. (in Russ.). ISBN 978-5-9616-0500-6

2. Budnikov P.P., Syrkin Ya.K. The adhesion and dissolution rate of the calcined gypsum. Izv. Ivanovo-Voznes. Politekhn. Inst. 1922;6:235-248 (in Russ.).

3. Budnikov P.P., Syrkin Ya.K. On the issue of dissociation of CuSO4 at high temperatures. Izv. Ivanovo-Voznes. Politekhn. Inst. 1923;7(1):84-87 (in Russ.).

4. Budnikov P.P., Syrkin Ya.K. On the issue of causticizing potash. Izv. Ivanovo-Voznes. Politekhn. Inst. 1923;7(1):97-101 (in Russ.).

5. Budnikoff P.P., Syrkin I.K. Über Kaustizierung der Pottasche. Z. Аnorg. allg. Chem. 1923;128(2):131-136 (in German). https://doi.org/10.1002/zaac.19231280113

6. Syrkin Ya.K. On the question of equilibrium in a heterogeneous system. Izv. Ivanovo-Voznes. Politekhn. Inst. 1921;4:161-165 (in Russ.).

7. Syrkin Ya.K. About the theory of solvates. Izv. IvanovoVoznes. Politekhn. Inst. 1922;6:267-280 (in Russ.).

8. Syrkin Ya.K. Kinetic rationale for chemical affinity. Izv. Ivanovo-Voznes. Politekhn. Inst. 1923;7:143-165 (in Russ.).

9. Syrkin Ya.K. Absolute entropy and chemical constants of polyatomic gases. Izv. Ivanovo-Voznes. Politekhn. Inst. 1924;8(1):101-111 (in Russ.).

10. Syrkin Ya.K. Obtaining nitrogen and oxygen from liquid air. Zhurnal khimicheskoi promyshlennosti = Сhem. Ind. J. 1925;1(5-6):31-35 (in Russ.).

11. Syrkin Ya.K. Sublimation kinetics and chemical constants of monatomic bodies. In: Trudy IV Mendeleevskogo s”ezda po chistoi i prikladnoi khimii. Soobshcheniya o nauchno-tekhnicheskikh rabotakh v Respublike. No. 20. (Proceedings of the 4th Mendeleev Congress on Pure and Applied Chemistry. Messages about scientific and technical works in the Republic. No. 20). Leningrad: NHTI, NTO VSNH; 1925:63-64 (in Russ.).

12. Syrkin J.K. Absolute Entropie und chemische Konstanten mehratomiger Gase. Z. Physik. 1924;24:355-365 (in German). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01327253

13. Syrkin J.K., Bernstein L.I. Zur Frage der Sorptionskinetik Z. Anorg. allg. Chemie. 1926;152:105- 112 (in German). https://doi.org/10.1002/zaac.19261520113

14. Syrkin J.K. Bemerkungen zur Theorie der Geschwindigkeit chemischer Reaktionen. Z. Anorg. allg. Chemie. 1926;155:317-322 (in German). https://doi.org/10.1002/zaac.19261550134

15. Syrkin Ya.K. On the question of the rate of chemical reactions. Zhurnal Russkogo fiziko-khimicheskogo obshchestva. Chast’ khimicheskaya = J. Rus. Phys.-Chem. Society. Part Chem. 1926;58(8):1101-1128 (in Russ.).

16. Syrkin Ya.K. On the kinetics of homogeneous reactions. In: 1-ya Konferentsiya po fiziko-khimicheskim voprosam. Soobshcheniya o nauchno-tekhnicheskikh rabotakh v Respublike. No. 22. (The first conference on physical and chemical issues. Messages about scientific and technical works in the Republic. No. 22). Leningrad: NHTI, NTO VSNH; 1927:61-81 (in Russ.).

17. Syrkin Ya.K. Application the equations of chemical kinetics to the emission of electrons by incandescent bodies. Zhurnal Russkogo fiziko-khimicheskogo obshchestva. Chast’ khimicheskaya = J. Rus. Phys.-Chem. Society. Part Chem. 1927;59(3-4):351-355 (in Russ.).

18. Syrkin Ya.K. Kinetika khimicheskaya. Tekhnicheskaya entsiklopediya (Chemical Kinetics. Technical Encyclopedia). V. 10. Moscow: Sovetskaya entsiklopediya; 1930. Р. 170-174 (in Russ.).

19. Syrkin J.K., Kondraschow A.J. Zur Kinetik der Adsorption von Dämpfen im Luftstrom. Kolloid-Zeitschrift. 1931;56:295-299 (in German). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01428308

20. Syrkin J.K. Zur chemischen Kinetik unimolekularer Reactionen. Z. Anorg. allg. Chemie. 1931;199:28-31 (in German). https://doi.org/10.1002/zaac.19311990105

21. Syrkin Ya.K. Catalysis. Zhurnal khimicheskoi promyshlennosti = Сhem. Ind. J. 1926;39(13):1034-1039 (in Russ.).

22. Syrkin Ya.K. Catalysis. Zhurnal khimicheskoi promyshlennosti = Сhem. Ind. J. 1926;3(15):1197-1200 (in Russ.).

23. Syrkin Ya.K. Kataliz. Tekhnicheskaya entsiklopediya (Catalysis. Technical Encyclopedia). V. 9. Moscow: Sovetskaya entsiklopediya; 1929. P. 916-931 (in Russ.).

24. Syrkin Ya.K. Molecular dipoles. Izv. Ivanovo-Voznes. Politechn. Inst. 1928;11:23-34 (in Russ.).

25. Syrkin Ya.K. Molecular quadrupoles. Zhurnal Russkogo fiziko-khimicheskogo obshchestva. Chast’ khimicheskaya = J. Rus. Phys.-Сhem. Society. Part Chem. 1929;61(3):325-343 (in Russ.).

26. Syrkin Ya.K. To the electrostatics of colloids. Zhurnal fizicheskoi khimii = J. Phyz. Chem. 1930;1(4-5):455- 467 (in Russ.).

27. Syrkin Ya.K. On the question of proper infrared vibrations. Izv. Ivanovo-Voznes. Politekhn. Inst. 1930;15:17-24 (in Russ.).

28. Syrkin Ya.K., Moryganov P.V. On the kinetics of staining with substantive dyes. Izvestiya khlopchatobumazhnoi promyshlennosti. 1931;(2-3):63-65 (in Russ.).


Supplementary files

1. Syrkin in the laboratory of the Chemical Faculty of IVPI.
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Type Исследовательские инструменты
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Indexing metadata
  • Syrkin’s research on chemical equilibrium, reaction kinetics, thermodynamics, catalysis, solution theory, solvate effects, and colloidal systems are presented herein.
  • Ya.K. Syrkin shows the scope of his research interests and his ability to build on the foundations provided by great predecessors such as Gibbs, Van’t Hoff, Arrhenius, Ostwald, and Nernst.
  • A comprehensive study of physical chemistry guided Syrkin’s approach to understanding the importance of molecular structure and the nature of chemical bonds in all observed chemical phenomena.

For citation:


Malyasova A.S., Koifman O.I. Scientific activity of Ya.K. Syrkin at the Faculty of Chemistry of the IvanovoVoznesensk Polytechnic Institute and in the Ivanovo Institute of Chemistry and Technology (1918–1932). Fine Chemical Technologies. 2020;15(4):73-81. https://doi.org/10.32362/2410-6593-2020-15-4-71-81

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