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PHYSICO-CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF BIODEGRADABLE HYPERBRANCHED POLYESTER POLYOL BASED ON 2,2-BIS(METHYLOL)PROPIONIC ACID

https://doi.org/10.32362/2410-6593-2018-13-4-67-73

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Abstract

Synthetic surfactants have a wide application in various areas from medicine to agriculture, with biodegradable surfactants holding the greatest promise. Promising compounds for the synthesis of such surfactants are polyethylene oxide and polymers are the poly(α-hydroxyacid)s: polylactide (i.e. PLA), polyglycolide (i.e. PGA), poly-ε-caprolactone (PCL), polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) and their copolymers. Because the biodegradation of polymeric surfactants yields natural metabolites, their medical and biotechnological applications are most attractive. A number of studies shows advantages of branched polymer surfactants compared linear surfactants, however, systematic studies of the correlation between the branched structures of amphiphilic copolymers and their surface activities are absent. Hyperbranched polyester polyol based on 2,2-bis(methylol)propionic acid are widely used as modifiers of polymeric materials (for example, in the manufacture of paintwork materials), additives for polymers to improve extrusion and also as nanocontainers for targeted drug delivery. In the present study the colloidal chemical properties of the polyether polyol 2,2-bis (methylol) propionic acid of the fourth pseudo generation (trade name Boltorn H40) were studied and it was shown that they reduce the interfacial tension at the hydrocarbon solution of surfactant/water to low.

About the Authors

V. I. Gomzyak
MIREA - Russian Technological University (M.V. Lomonosov Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies); National Research Centre “Kurchatov Institute”
Russian Federation

Ph.D. (Chem.), Assistant of the Medvedev Chair of Chemistry and Technology of Macromolecular Compound

86, Vernadskogo Pr., Moscow, 119571, Russia

Engineer-Researcher of the Laboratory of Polymeric Materials,

1, Kurchatova Sq., Moscow, 123182, Russia

Researcher ID E-4518-2017



A. A. Puchkov
MIREA - Russian Technological University (M.V. Lomonosov Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies); National Research Centre “Kurchatov Institute”
Russian Federation

Student, Medvedev Chair of Chemistry and Technology of Macromolecular Compounds

86, Vernadskogo Pr., Moscow,119571, Russia

Laboratory Assistant Researcher of the Laboratory of Polymeric Materials

1, Kurchatova Sq., Moscow, 123182, Russia

Researcher ID F-4455-2018



N. Е. Artamonova
MIREA - Russian Technological University (M.V. Lomonosov Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies)
Russian Federation

Student, Medvedev Chair of Chemistry and Technology of Macromolecular Compounds

86, Vernadskogo Pr., Moscow,119571, Russia

Researcher ID F-2672-2018



D. K. Polyakov
National Research Centre “Kurchatov Institute”
Russian Federation

Ph.D. (Chem.), Leading Researcher of the Laboratory of Polymeric Materials

1, Kurchatova Sq., Moscow, 123182, Russia

Researcher ID H-7361- 2017



G. A. Simakova
MIREA - Russian Technological University (M.V. Lomonosov Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies)
Russian Federation

D.Sc. (Chem.), Professor of the Voyutskiy Chair of Colloid Chemistry

86, Vernadskogo Pr., Moscow, 119571, Russia



I. A. Gritskova
MIREA - Russian Technological University (M.V. Lomonosov Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies)
Russian Federation

Professor, D.Sc. (Chem.), Honored Worker of Science of the Russian Federation, Honorary Worker of Higher Professional Education of the Russian Federation, Professor of the Medvedev Chair of Chemistry and Technology of Macromolecular Compounds

86, Vernadskogo Pr., Moscow, 119571, Russia



S. N. Chvalun
MIREA - Russian Technological University (M.V. Lomonosov Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies); National Research Centre “Kurchatov Institute”
Russian Federation

Professor, D.Sc. (Chem.), Head of the Medvedev Chair of Chemistry and Technology of Macromolecular Compounds

86, Vernadskogo Pr., Moscow, 119571, Russia

Deputy Director of Kurchatov Complex of NBICS-technologies of the

1, Kurchatova Sq., Moscow, 123182, Russia

Researcher ID E-3924-2014



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For citation:


Gomzyak V.I., Puchkov A.A., Artamonova N.Е., Polyakov D.K., Simakova G.A., Gritskova I.A., Chvalun S.N. PHYSICO-CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF BIODEGRADABLE HYPERBRANCHED POLYESTER POLYOL BASED ON 2,2-BIS(METHYLOL)PROPIONIC ACID. Fine Chemical Technologies. 2018;13(4):67-73. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.32362/2410-6593-2018-13-4-67-73

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ISSN 2410-6593 (Print)
ISSN 2686-7575 (Online)