Preview

Fine Chemical Technologies

Advanced search

SYNTHESIS OF FLOWSHEETS FOR SEPARATION OF MULTIPHASE MIXTURES: STATE OF THE ART

https://doi.org/10.32362/24106593-2018-13-3-5-22

Full Text:

Abstract

The paper presents an analysis of the current state of research on separation flowsheets based on the combination of distillation and phase separation processes, as well as heteroazeotropic distillation. It is shown that the works of foreign researchers devoted to the study of flowhseets with decanters are more focused on finding ways to reduce energy consumption by introducing additional separators, a combination of several methods (extractive and heteroazeotropic complex columns with external decanters. The task of synthesizing all possible separation flowsheets is not considered in these works. In this paper, a complete set of flowsheets of different structures based on the combination of distillation and phase separation processes, including the use of columns with an external decanter, is proposed for water - butyl acetate - methanol and methanol - heptane-water ternary mixtures separation. Aspen Plus and NRTL model were used for mathematical modelling of phase equilibrium (the relative error of describing liquid-vapor and liquid-liquid equilibrium is less than 5%) was chosen as a method of research. Operating parameters for distillation columns (the number of theoretical plates, feed plate, reflux ratio) and the total energy consumption were obtained for each case. The necessity of using a double feed-plate column for separating of propanol-1 - water - butanol-1 and ethyl acetate - water - butyl acetate ternary systems was explained by the presence of extractive effect. Analytical review of modern publications and results of own research allowed to formulate a number of recommendations for the synthesis of energy effective flowsheets based on a combination of distillation and phase separation processes.

About the Authors

A. V. Frolkova
MIREA - Russian Technological University (M.V. Lomonosov Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies)
Russian Federation

Ph.D. (Eng.), Associate Professor, Chair of Chemistry and Technology of Basic Organic Synthesis

86, Vernadskogo Pr., Moscow 119571, Russia

Researcher ID N-4517-2014



A. D. Merkulyeva
MIREA - Russian Technological University (M.V. Lomonosov Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies)
Russian Federation

Student, Chair of Chemistry and Technology of Basic Organic Synthesis

86, Vernadskogo Pr., Moscow 119571, Russia



I. S. Gaganov
MIREA - Russian Technological University (M.V. Lomonosov Institute of Fine Chemical Technologies)
Russian Federation

Student, Chair of Chemistry and Technology of Basic Organic Synthesis

86, Vernadskogo Pr., Moscow 119571, Russia



References

1. Timofeev V.S., Serafimov L.A., Timoshenko A.V. The principles of technology of basic organic and petrochemical synthesis. Moscow: Vysshaya shkola Publ., 2010. 408 p. (in Russ.)

2. Frolkova A.K. Separation of azeotropic mixtures. Physico-chemical basics and technological methods. Moscow: Humanitarian Publishing Center “VLADOS”, 2010. 192 p. (in Russ.)

3. Komissarov Yu.A., Gordeev L.S., Vent D.P. Scientific principles of distillation process. Ed. by L.A. Serafimov. Moscow: Khimiya Publ., 2004. 270 p. (in Russ.)

4. Zakharov M.K. Energy-efficient distillation. Saint-Petersburg, Moscow, Krasnodar: Lan’ Publ. SPb., 2018. 252 p. (in Russ.)

5. Serafimov L.A., Frolkova A.K. The fundamental principle of redistribution of concetrations’ fields among distillation area as the base of development for technological complexes. Teoreticheskie osnovy khimiheskoi tekhnologii = Theoretical Foundation of Chemical Engineering. 1997; 31(2): 193-201. (in Russ.)

6. Storonkin A.V. The thermodynamics of heterogeneous systems: in 2 parts. Leningrad: LGU Publ., 1967. 442 p. (in Russ.)

7. Storonkin A.V. The thermodynamics of heterogeneous systems. Part 3. Leningrad: LGU Publ., 1969. 189 p. (In Russ.)

8. Huang Hua Jiang, Ramaswamy Shri, Tschirner U.W., Ramarao B.V. A review of separation technologies in current and future biorefineries. Separation and Purification Technology. 2008; 62(1): 1-21.

9. Pokhrel Manish, Owusu Asante Daniel, Cho Jung Ho. Three column configuration for the separation of IPA-water using by heteroazeotropic distillation. Int. J. Appl. Eng. Res. 2016; 11(12): 7767-7771.

10. Jungho Cho, Jong-Ki Je. Optimization study on the azeotropic distillation process for isopropyl alcohol dehydration. Korean J. Chem. Eng. 2006; 23(1): 1-7.

11. Laroche L., Bekiaris N., Andersen H.W., Morari M. The curious behaviour of homogeneous azeotropic distillation–implications for entrainer selection. AIChE Journal. 1992; 38(9): 1309-1328.

12. Bekiaris N., Guttinger E. G., Morari M. Multiple steady states in distillation: Effect of VL(L)E inaccuracies. AIChE Journal. 2000; 46(5): 955-979.

13. Magnussen T.M., Michelsen L., Fredenslund A.A. Azeotropic distillation using UNIFAC. Chem. Eng. Progr. Symp. Ser. 1979; 56(4): 4.2/1-4.2/19.

14. Rovaglio M., Doherty F.M. Dynamics of heterogeneous azeotropic distillation columns. AIChe Journal. 1990; 36(1): 39-52.

15. Wang C.J., Wong D.S., Chien I.-L., Shih R.F., Wang S.J., Tsai C.S. Experimental investigation of multiple steady states and parametric sensitivity in azeotropic distillation. Comp. & Chem. Eng. 1997; 21: 535-540.

16. Luyben W.L. Control of the heterogeneous azeotropic n-butanol/water. Energy & Fuels. 2008; 22(6): 4249-4258.

17. Wu Y., Chien I. design and control of heterogeneous azeotropic column system for the separation of pyridine and water. Ind. & Eng. Chem. Res. 2009; 48(23): 10564-10576.

18. Lao M.Z., Taylor R. Modeling mass-transfer in 3-phase distillation. Ind. & Eng. Chem. Res. 1994; 33(11): 2637-2650.

19. Higler A., Chande R., Taylor R., Baur R., Krishna R. Non-equilibrium modeling of three-phase distillation. Comp. & Chem. Eng. 2004; 28(10): 2021-2036.

20. Junqueira T.L., Dias M.O.S., Maciel Filho R., Maciel M.R.W., Rossel C.E.V. Simulation of the azeotropic distillation for anhydrous bioethanol production: Study on the formation of a second liquid phase. Comp. Aided Chem. Eng. 2009; 27: 1143-1148.

21. Prayoonyong P. Conceptual design of heterogeneous azeotropic distillation process for ethanol dehydration using 1-butanol as entrainer. Maejo Int. J. Sci. & Technol. 2014; 8: 334-347.

22. Franco J.P., Lladosa E., Loras S., Monton J.B. Thermodynamic analysis and process simulation of ethanol dehydration via heterogeneous azeotropic distillation. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2014; 53: 6084-6093.

23. Franke M.B. MINLP optimization of a heterogeneous azeotropic distillation process: Separation of ethanol and water with cyclohexane as an entrainer. Comp. & Chem. Eng. 2016; 89: 204-221.

24. Zhao L., Lyu X., Wang W., Qiu J.S.T. Comparison of heterogeneous azeotropic distillation and extractive distillation methods for ternary azeotrope ethanol/toluene/water separation. Comp. & Chem. Eng. 2017; 100; P. 27-37.

25. Devi V.K.P.J., Sai P.S.T., Balakrishnan A.R. Heterogeneous azeotropic distillation for the separation of n-propanol+water mixture using n-propyl acetate as entrainer. Fluid Phase Equilib. 2017; 447: 1-11.

26. Skiborowski M., Harwardt A., Marquardt W. Efficient optimization-based design for the separation of heterogeneous azeotropic mixtures. Comp. & Chem. Eng. 2015; 72: 34-51.

27. Baelen G.V., Vreysen S., Gerbaud V., Rodriguez-Donis I., Geens J., Janssens B. Isopropyl alcohol recovery by heteroazeotropic batch distillation. In: European Meeting on Chemical Industry and Environment EMChiE. May 17–19, 2010. Mechelen, Belgium. P. 979-986.

28. Kraemer K., Harwardt A., Skiborowski M., Mitra S., Marquardt W. Shortcut-based design of multicomponent heteroazeotropic distillation. Chem. Eng. Res. & Design. 2011; 89(8): 1168-1189.

29. Pokhrel M., Owusu Asante D., Cho J.H. Threecolumn configuration for the separation of IPA-water using by heteroazeotropic distillation. Int. J. Appl. Eng. Res. 2016; 11(12): 7767-7771.

30. Denes F., Lang P., Joulia X. Generalized closed double-column system for batch heteroazeotropic distillation. Separation and Purification Technology. 2012; 89: 297-308.

31. Huang X., Zhong W., Du W., Qian F. Thermodynamic analysis and process simulation of an industrial acetic acid dehydration system via heterogeneous azeotropic distillation. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2013; 52: 2944-2957.

32. Hegely L., Gerbaud V., Lang P. Generalized model for heteroazeotropic batch distillation with variable decanter hold-up. Separation and Purification Technology. 2013; 115: 9-19.

33. Chilev C., Lamari F.D., Dicko M., Simeonov E. Investigation of acetic acid dehydration by various methods. J. Chem. Technol. & Metallurgy. 2016; 51(1): 73-84.

34. Zhu Z., Wang Y., Hu J., Qi X., Wang Y. Extractive distillation process combined with decanter for separating ternary azeotropic mixture of toluenemethanol-water. Chem. Eng. Trans. 2017; 61: 763-768.

35. Królikowski A.R., Królikowski L.J., Wasylkiewicz S.K. Distillation profiles in ternary heterogeneous mixtures with distillation boundaries. Chem. Eng. Res. & Design. 2011; 89(7): 879-893.

36. Frolkova A.V., Frolkova A.K., Podtyagina A.A., Spiryakova V.V. Energy efficiency in flowsheets based on a combination of distillation and splitting processes. Proceed. of the 44th Int. Conf. of SSCHE. May 22–26, 2017. Tatranske Matliare, Slovakia. P. 461-466.

37. Glazko I.L., Martynenko E.A., Levanova S.B., Sokolov A.B. The method of cyclohexanone: pat. 2523011 Russian Federation. № 2012144159/04; filled 16.10.2012; publ. 27.04.2014. (in Russ.)

38. Frolkova A.V., Vityukov S.A., Frolkova A.K. The separation of ternary system isopropyl alcohol – 1.2-dichloroethane – water in rectification complex with florentine vessel. Book of Abstracts of XV Int. Sci. Conf. «High-Tech in Chemical Engineering-2014». September 22–26, 2014. Zvenigorod, Moscow region, Russia. P. 37.

39. Modla G.P., Lang B.K., Molnar K. Batch heteroazeotropic rectification under continuous entrainer feeding: I. Feasibility studies. Comp. Aided Chem. Eng. 2003; 15: 974-977.

40. Vityukov S.A., Frolkova А.К., Frolkova A.V. Estimation of energy consumption on separation of mixtures in complexes based on a combination of rectification and splitting processes. Book of Abstracts of XVI Int. Sci. Conf. «High-Tech in Chemical Engineering-2016». October 10–15, 2016. Moscow, Russia. Р. 68.

41. Wu Y.C., Hsu C.S., Huang H.-P., Chien I-L. Design and control of a methyl methacrylate separation process with a middle decanter. Ind. & Eng. Chem. Res. 2011; 50(8): 4595-4607.

42. Sebyakin A.Yu., Frolkova A.K. The relationship of the phase equilibrium diagram and structures of the flowsheet of quaternary multiphase mixtures separation. Tonkie khimicheskie tekhnologii / Fine Chemical Technologies. 2016; 11(4): 5-14. (in Russ.)

43. Ovcharova A.V. The development of technology of epychlorohydrine production: Abstract of Ph.D. Thesis. Moscow, 2012. 16 p. (in Russ.)

44. Okhlopkova E.A., Serafimov L.A., Frolkova A.V. Separation of multicomponent mixture forming in the production of epychlorohydrine. Tonkie khimicheskie tekhnologii / Fine Chemical Technologies. 2016; 11(6): 36-42. (in Russ.)

45. Kleymenova M.N., Komarova L.F., Lazutkina Y.S. The technology of processing liquid of waste solvents in the production of organosilicon enamels. Ekologiya i promyshlennost' Rossii = Ecology and Industry of Russia. 2014; 4: 11-15. (in Russ.)

46. Kleymenova M.N., Komarova L.F., Lazutkina Yu.S. Making resource-saving technologies in production of organosilicic enamel based on distillation. Khimiya v interesakh ustoychivogo razvitiya = Chemistry for Sustainable Development. 2013; 21: 211-218. (in Russ.)

47. Frolkova A.V., Akishina A.A., Frolkova A.K. Multicomponent systems with three-phase splitting. Tonkie khimicheskie tekhnologii / Fine Chemical Technologies. 2016; 11(6): 15-27 (in Russ.)

48. Frolkova A.K. Development of technological flowsheets of separation of polyaeotropic mixtures using autoextractive distillation: Ph.D. Thesis. Мoscow, 1980.

49. 130 p. (in Russ.)

50. Slyusareva L.Yu., Beregovykh V.V., L’vov S.V. The choice of the technological scheme of separation of the products of the joint production of styrene and propylene oxide. Promyshlennost' sinteticheskogo kauchuka = Synthetic Rubber Industry. 1979; 5: 2-4. (in Russ.)

51. Frolkova A.V., Frolkova A.K., Chelyuskina T.V. Separation of quaternary system acetone – chloroform – ethanol – water by extractive distillation. Vestnik MITHT = Fine Chemical Technologies. 2010; 5(6): 27-31. (in Russ.).

52. Toth A.J., Szanyi A., Haaze E., Mizsey P. Separation of process wastewater with extractive heterogeneious – azeotropic distillation. Hungarian J. Ind. & Chem. 2016; 44: 29-32.

53. Szanyi A., Mizsey P., Fonyo Z. Novel hybrid separation processes for solvent recovery based on positioning the extractive heterogeneous azeotropic distillation. Chem. Eng. Proc. 2004; 43(3): 327-338.

54. Szanyi A., Mizsey P., Fonyo Z. Optimization of nonideal separation structures based on extractive heterogeneous azeotropic distillation. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2004; 43(26): 8269-8274.

55. Szanyi A., Mizsey P., Fonyo Z. Separation of highly non-ideal quaternary mixtures with extractive heterogeneous-azeotropic distillation. Chem. Biochem. Eng. Q. 2005; 19(2): 111-121.

56. Szanyi A. Separation of non-ideal quaternary mixtures with novel hybrid processes based on extractive heterogeneous-azeotropic distillation: Anstracts of Ph.D. Thesis. Budapest: Budapest University of Technology and Economics, 2005. 19 p.

57. Hilmen E.K. Separation of azeotropic mixtures: Tools for analysis and studies on batch distillation operation: Dr.Sc. (Eng.) Thesis. Trondheim, Norway: Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 2000. 288 p.

58. Ciric A.R., Mumtaz H.S., Corbett G., Reagan M.T., Seider W.D., Fabiano L.A., Kolesar D.M., Widagdo S. Azeotropic distillation with an internal decanter. Comp. & Chem. Eng. 2000; 24(11): 2435-2446.

59. Stichlmair J., Fair J.R. Distillation: Principles and Practices. New York: Wiley, 1998. 544 p.

60. Prayoonyong P. Synthesis and design of ternary heterogeneous azeotropic distillation processes including advanced complex column configurations: Ph.D. Thesis. Manchester, UK: The University of Manchester, 2009. 240 p.

61. Anokhina E.A. Energy saving in the processes of extractive rectification. Vestnik MITHT = Fine Chemical Technologies. 2013; 8(5): 3-19. (in Russ.)

62. Frolkova A.K., Krupinova O.N., Zhuchkov V.I. Energy saving separation of azeotropic mixtures in complexes with directed recycle. Proceed. of the 43rd Int. Conf. of SSCE. May 23–27, 2016. Slovakia. P. 516-521.

63. Moussa A.S., Jiménez L. Entrainer selection and systematic design of heterogeneous azeotropic distillation flowsheets. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2006; 45(12): 4304-4315.

64. Serafimov L.A. The azeotropic rule and the classification of multicomponent mixtures. VII. Diagrams for ternary mixtures. Russ. J. Phys. Chem. 1970; 44(4): 567-571.

65. Frolkova A.V., Frolkova A.K., Klindukhova A.G., Vityukov S.A. Features of material balance calculation of distillation complex with florentine vessel. Tonkie himicheskie tehnologii / Fine Chemical Technologies. 2015; 10(4): 22-28. (in Russ.)

66. Frolkova A.V., Ablizin M.A., Maevskiy M.A., Frolkova A.K. The multivariate calculation of material balances of ternary mixtures of different physico-chemical nature separation flowsheets. Tonkie himicheskie tehnologii / Fine Chemical Technologies. 2016; 11 (3): 47-57. (in Russ.)

67. Frolkova A.V., Akishina A.A., Maevskii M.A., Ablizin M.A. Flowsheets of multicomponent multiphase systems separation and material balance calculation features. Theoretical Foundations of Chemical Engineering. 2017; 51(3): 313-319.

68. Kato M., Konishi H., Hirata M. J. New apparatus for isobaric dew and bubble point method methanol + water, ethyl acetate + ethanol, water + 1-butanol, and ethyl acetate + water systems. Chem. Eng. Data. 1970; 15: 435-339.

69. Hirata M., Hirose Y., Kagaku K. Vapor-liquid equilibria of ternary system water – acetic acid – n-butyl acetate. Chem. Eng. 1966; 30: 121-127.

70. Iwakabe K., Kosuge H. Isobaric vapor-liquidliquid equilibria with a newly developed still. Fluid Phase Equilib. 2001; 192: 171-186.

71. Tochigi K., Inoue H., Kojima K. Determination of azeotropes in binary systems at reduced pressures. Fluid Phase Equilib. 1985; 22: 343-352.

72. Richon, D., Viallard A. Water/ester systems. Solubility studies. Fluid Phase Equilib. 1985; 21: 279-293.

73. Santos G.R., Souza D.C., Aznar M.J. Liquidliquid equilibria of water + 1-butanol + amino acid (glycine or DL-alanine or L-leucine) at 313.15 K. Solution Chem. 2014; 43: 2101-2116.

74. Katayama H., Ichikawa M. Liquid-liquid equilibria of three ternary systems: Methanolheptane including 1,3-dioxolane, 1,4-dioxane and tetrahydropyran in the range of 253.15 to 303.15 K. Chem. Eng. Jpn. 1995; 28: 412-418.


For citation:


Frolkova A.V., Merkulyeva A.D., Gaganov I.S. SYNTHESIS OF FLOWSHEETS FOR SEPARATION OF MULTIPHASE MIXTURES: STATE OF THE ART. Fine Chemical Technologies. 2018;13(3):5-22. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.32362/24106593-2018-13-3-5-22

Views: 159


ISSN 2410-6593 (Print)
ISSN 2686-7575 (Online)