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Development of a polyurea-based composition with an extended life span

https://doi.org/10.32362/2410-6593-2021-16-2-176-183

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Abstract

Objectives. Improvement of the technology for obtaining polymer-sprayed coatings based on polycarbodiimides (polyureas) with high chemical, hydrolytic, and abrasive resistance and improved physical and mechanical properties, as well as obtainment of polyurea compositions with a lifetime of at least 5 min without loss performance characteristics (i.e., “hand-applied” polyureas) suitable for repair of coatings already in use.

Methods. The reaction rate between isocyanate and amino groups is almost a hundred times higher than that between isocyanate and hydroxyl groups, necessitating the use of special highperformance and high-pressure installations equipped with self-cleaning mixing chambers and heating of components. The following are determined from the obtained materials: strength, elongation at break according to the standard method, Taber abrasion, and Shore hardness.

Results. Three methods of slowing down the reaction are investigated: 1) the synthesis of prepolymers with the content of NCO groups from 10.5% to 18%; 2) the addition of a plasticizer into the prepolymer in the amount of 1–10 mass parts; and 3) the introduction of polyesters into the composition and radiation of the so-called “hybrid” systems. When using 14% polyesters with a molecular weight of 2000 Da, only “hybrid” systems make it possible to obtain compositions with a lifetime of more than 5 min. At the same time, the tensile strength decreases by 20%, and the abrasion increases by 40%; however, such “hybrid” systems have a higher adhesion force and are cheaper than pure polyureas, allowing them to be used as “repair” systems.

Conclusions. The developed composition and technology of applying “hybrid” systems allow for the repair of existing coatings without using specialized devices. “Manual” polyurea is easy to use and does not require special training. 

About the Authors

S. I. Romanov
Production Company Elast PU
Russian Federation

Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Director,

21a, Gastello ul., Vladimir, 600026



O. A. Botvinova
Production Company Elast PU
Russian Federation

Researcher, 

21a, Gastello ul., Vladimir, 600026



E. A. Timakov
Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs Vladimir State University
Russian Federation

Assistant, Chemical Technologies Department, Institute of Architecture, Construction, and Energy,

87, Gor’kogo ul., Vladimir, 600026



L. A. Chizhova
Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs Vladimir State University
Russian Federation

Associate Professor, Chemical Technologies Department, Institute of Architecture, Construction, and Energy, 

87, Gor’kogo ul., Vladimir, 600026



Yu. T. Panov
Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs Vladimir State University
Russian Federation

Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Professor, Head of the Chemical Technologies Department, Institute of Architecture, Construction, and Energy, 

87, Gor’kogo ul., Vladimir, 600026



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Supplementary files

1. Fig. 1. Process of the polyurea formation: (1) diisocyanate, (2) polyester amine, and (3) polyurea.
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2. This is to certify that the paper titled Development of a polyurea-based composition with an extended life span. commissioned to us by Sergei V. Romanov, Olga A. Botvinova, Evgenii A. Timakov, Larisa A. Chizhova, Yuri T. Panov has been edited for English language and spelling by Enago, an editing brand of Crimson Interactive Inc.
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The introduction of high-molecular weight polyester increases the lifetime of the polyurea composition to the required values (up to 5 min) and increases its abrasion while the tensile strength and elongation are reduced to an acceptable level. With the help of the developed composition, it is possible to perform repair work of coatings based on polyurea without needing bulky equipment.

For citation:


Romanov S.I., Botvinova O.A., Timakov E.A., Chizhova L.A., Panov Yu.T. Development of a polyurea-based composition with an extended life span. Fine Chemical Technologies. 2021;16(2):176-183. https://doi.org/10.32362/2410-6593-2021-16-2-176-183

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ISSN 2410-6593 (Print)
ISSN 2686-7575 (Online)